Serbia is the country with old history from the medieval era. In the area, once existed the Byzantine empire that influenced Serbia in political, cultural and artistic level making the large part of the Serbian history and identity.
The national historiography of Serbia is known as Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of Yugoslavia where two periods had experienced changes in arts, archaeology, and political, cultural and architectural history.
Serbian language comes from the old Slavic language, as part of the group of languages common for Slav people living in the area of Adriatic and Aegean sea till the North Russia. It belongs to one of the Indo – European languages dated since 9th century and Byzantine empire, and was further developed in 10th century.
Sremski Karlovci tour
Fruska Gora i Danube River Tour
Ethno Adventures Costa Rica as Destination
Mountains and rivers in Serbia
Mountain Tara is part of Dinaric alps and it is the most beautiful mountain in Serbia. National park Tara is well known for its protected rare species flora and fauna.
Mountain Zlatibor was place where used to live Illyrians and where their traditional customs are still preserved, with many sites where is evidenced their existence in many caves along the mountain. Zlatibor is well known for traditional food (cheese, ham and prosciutto etc.) and is a place where many monasteries were built.
Drina river is consider to be the fastest river in Balkans that makes suitable for many water sports like rafting and fishing.
Canon “Uvac” is protected natural reserve in South West Serbia surrounded with mountain “Zlatar” and “Javor” with many protected species of flora and fauna (ie. Griffon vulture, brook trout).
Mountain “Golija” is located in south Serbia and has preserved nature. It is a place suitable for winter sports because of high amount of snow during the winter. It is declared as one of the protected natural resources because of its marvellous natural preservation.
Fruska Gora National Park has many historic locations, countryside with organic farms and rural households, colourful markets and festivals.
Danube river is the second largest river in Europe. Rolling Danube landscapes are dotted with orchards and vineyards, distinctive food producers, small wine cellars, smokehouses, Rakija (fruity brandy made of plums, vine and similar) distilleries, bakeries, artisan and craft shops and the festive ball rooms.
Serbian national instruments
One of the national instruments of Serbia is – “Gusle”. “Gusle” is a single wire instrument, and presents one of the greatest mythological, artistic and religious symbols of Balkan countries, especially in region of Serbia. It is an instrument that was responsible for creating epical poetry in Serbia and it is important part of intangible heritage Balkans.
“Frula” (Pipe) is Serbian traditional brass instrument that is made from one part of the wood (Plum three). This instrument is related to rural areas and shepherd, who used to play the instrument at village gathering and mainly played for their pleasure.
“Gajde” (Bag pipe) is another Serbian traditional instrument made from the wood and reverted lamb leather and it is linked to old national origin. Instrument was played among shepherds as background of traditional Serbian dance “Kolo” and traditional national singing “Oro”.
“Truba” (Trumpet) - Serbian traditional brass instrument. It is commonly used to accompany every major event in Serbia`s rural and small town life including baptism, births, weddings, Slava (family patron saint day), church and state festivals, harvesting etc. This traditional instrument is historically connected to the rule of Serbian prince Milos Obrenovic since 1831.
“Harmonika” (Harmonica) - is one of the new and famous Serbian instrument that appeared during world war I and since that time became popular reaching to smallest Serbian villages and suppressing the old traditional instruments. It is commonly played on every celebrations of weddings, births and similar.
There is a number of museums in Serbia that represents its ethnical and cultural history and tradition.
Bread museum “Jeremija” Pecinci
This museum is located in Vojvodina district and it is a work of artist Jeremije, who assembled traditional artefacts linked with culture history of bread making in Serbia. This museum was open in 1998, and it has many exponents connected to traditional bread making.
Museum-ethno willage, old willage Sirogojno
This museum is located in Zlatibor region and it is reconstruction of traditional Serbian houses and family where is held many touristic events.
Woodentown – Mecavnik – creation of fameous film director Emir Kusturica
This is ethno village created 2004 when Mr Kusturica directing the film “Life is a miracle”, established this village. The village promotes traditional authentic creative culture, traditional food and drinks. It is a place where film festival of author film is organised and visited by many artists around the world.
Traditional national dance
Folklor- Serbian traditional dance: “Kolo”
“Kolo” is Serbian national dance and it is a dance for everybody, for all people to get together and dance celebrating the ideal of unity. This dance also emphasize the deserving individuals, who are place in front or the back of the “Kolo” dance. Serbian folk dance is common at special celebrations, weddings or any other celebration that symbolises getting together over mutual ideal, desire or just to celebrate mutual joy.
“Narodna nosnja” (National clothes)
Serbian national clothes is a symbol of Serbian identity and it is distinctive for its artistic and aesthetic values. Serbian formal national costume varies in different parts of the country.
In central Serbia (Sumadija), men`s national costume consists of “Jelek” (vest) which is decorated with trail of silk braid with herbal and geometric symbols, “Anterija” (short coat), dark blue colour and decorated with silk braid at front.
“Kosulja” (shirt), white textile made of cotton and with sleeves ending with cuff.
Trausers were made of olive and grey Sajak (type of textile) and with narrow legs.
“Pojas” or “tkanica” (belt) is made of colourful wool and wrapped several times around the waist and was left loose on the left thigh. Socks were knee deep and was worn over the trousers, and was decorated with trail of colourful vool called “cvetna lozica” (flower vine).
“Opanci” or “Djonashi” (shoes), were made of cow leather with tick sole and tipped as a bird beak. “Sajkaca” (hat), was used after the Serbian – Turkish wars (1876-1878).
Women`s national costume is consisted from “kosulje” (shirt), “suknje” (skirt), “jeleka” (vest), and “kecelje” (apron) "kecelje" (apron) and "zubun".
“Zubun” is the most beautiful part of national clothes that was worn over the shirt, opened at the front and designed of white textile with geometric ornaments and flower decorations.
“Kosulja” is made of linen, and was decorated around the neck and sleeves with fine coloured lace.
“Suknja” (skirt) has darker colour than shirt and with stripes that usually matches with colour of lace on the shirt. Skirt was opened at the front and needed to hang on the belt.
“Jelek” (vest), was worn over the shirt with silver or colourful trail on a dark background.
“Pregaca” (apron), was worn over the skirt that women and girls usually designed and made themselves from wool which was a long process of weaving on a loom.
Ethnic national festivals
Serbian people are people who like to celebrate joy and to celebrate life in every occasion. Therefore, there is a number of festivals around Serbia that supports this inner desire for celebration, good food and drink, dance and what is most important togetherness and joy.
- Apatin fish nights in July, in Vojvodina is a fishing competition and includes many other attractions, boat competition, preparing fish stew (paprikash), bike nights, cycling tours, film projections and more.
Bean Festival (Pasuljijada), festival in June, town Temerin, Vojvodina district.
Belmuzijada in Svrljig, biggest town in South Serbia is a festival of healthy food, home crafts and traditional creativity.
Goerge`s days of wine and Rakija (Sljivovica-traditional Serbian drink made of plums) is held in Topola, central Serbia, in May where visitors can enjoy in many home made products, natural herbal products, old home crafts and traditional souvenirs.
- Guca festival in Dragacevo district in West Serbia in October, is gained the world fame owing to its assembly of trumpet players-the largest trumpet and brass event in the world.
- Irig wine days in February and Vrsac Wine fest in March in Vojvodina district.
- Traditional festivals of food: Sosages festivals, Cabbage festivals, grill festival where traditional meal specialities are prepared in public (pljeskavica, cevapi etc.), traditional cake festivals and many other food festivals throughout the year.
Serbia is linked together with diverse and unique culture, ethnicity and tradition. Old history shapes the most beautiful artistic and ethnic creation and distinguish Serbia among many other countries. The tradition is preserved and the rich heritage is strongly embedded in the people`s lives whose spirit of togetherness is still celebrated and nurtured. It is a country of great food, drinks, joy, tradition and hospitality surrounded with great natural resources and old ethnical culture.
Activities in Serbia
- Historical Armistice route - Sremski Karlovci-throughout the year
Walking tour along the beautiful baroque center of Sremski Karlovci and touring the most significant sites with professional tourist guide – the Patriarchal Residence, Saint Nicholas Church, Four Lions Fountain, Gymnasium.. and the Chapel of Peace, with memorable presentation of what happened around the round table between the dominant powers of the central and southeast Europe at the end of the 17th century.
Fruska Gora and Danube River
- Icon Painting and Calligraphy course is 5 days tour operated throughout the year in Fruska Gora Monasteries of Grgeteg, Staro Hopovo and Sisatovac and others suitable shrinest
The art of Icons in the Eastern Orthodox Church is a holy, liturgical art, like all the church arts, which have a spiritual purpose. The aim of these arts is not merely to decorate the church with paintings, in order to make it more pleasing to the faithful, or to delight their ears with music: it is to elevate them to the mystical world of faith by the spiritual ladder, the steps, or rungs, of which are the holy arts, the composition of hymns, church -building, religious painting and the other arts.
Thoughts of the icon-painter artist who conduct the icon painting workshops : “Before painting an icon of a saint, the Savior, or the Mother of God, I pray for spiritual help in this work, then try to read the life of the saint I am about to depict.
Sometimes approaching the work is almost frightful: because you know that people will be looking at this icon and, beholding it, they will ascend to God in their minds”. All preparation works for the future icon and painting equipment is provided, waiting only for the visitor keen to discover the icon painting skills and experience the Serbian culture and spirituality from the inside.
Calligraphy course is full day package operated throughout the year and makes you write with renewed vigor and joy. The daily calligraphy workshops will expand your imagination using ancient writing techniques and exercises that rely on your spirit, memory and a sense of adventure. After this course you will leave feeling happier about your writing and generally cosseted and cared for, fulfilled for discovering special, hidden places whilst indulging in the spiritual way of life.
- Soft Adventures /hiking, mount-biking, horseback riding, kayaking/ – Fruska Gora trails and the Danube shores in Nestin, Banostor Ledinci and Cerevic villages
Fruska Gora Cycling route is 1 day package of total 35 km includes cycling by the most fascinating spots and the best preserved areas of the Fruska Gora National Park, along its highest point of 539 meters at the Crveni cot, starting from Rakovac Monastery and ending at the Koruska spot at 96 meters altitude, and requires 5/10 level of condition and 5/10 technical requirement level.
Fruska Gora horse-back riding + hiking package is half-day tour which starts at 09,00 in Ledinci village and includes the horseback riding session under supervision of the professional riding instructors, on healthy horses which have been especially selected through the years to handle mountainous terrains but also to be accustomed to different riders. Riding course of ca 6 km which lasts around 1,5 hour makes visitors feel comfortable in the saddle even if this is their fist ride. This is combined horse riding and simple walks route, very exciting regarding the multitude of experiences offered!
A special itinerary of 10 km hike includes the sanctuary of the Rakovac Monastery, the cave and the Monastery itself, and allows visitors to rest between the harder parts and to be in a perfect mood all the time. When the combined hike and horse riding in completed, tour ends with the “nature-lovers-style” refreshment. Make sure you wear long pants and snickers with ribbed foot, and bring enough water and something to support your energy – a snack or fruit. In order to ensure a pleasurable ride for all of our riders the weight limit is 85 – 90 kg and maximum number of riders is 20.
- Folklore Courses – rural households/farms of Fruska Gora
Learn the main steps of the famous Serbian Kolo dance and enjoy performing it together with your friends or other visitors who also want to become popular in this amazing knowledge. This joyful course is conducted by professional folklore dancers and folklore teachers and choreographers who help you endeavor and become a skilled folklore dancer, supported by tones of the Serbian traditional instruments played by local musicians – flute, accordion, kaval and accompanied with great fun and satisfaction of all ...
- Music Courses – rural households/farms of Fruska Gora
Learning to sing or to play traditional music depends not just on innate aptitude but also on being well motivated and on getting to hear the music frequently and listening to it with attention. Find out what secret sounds await you and learn melodies you can play on the traditional Serbian instruments – accordion, flute, def, trumpet...., under supervision of professional musicians and music teachers who make this experience memorable and support your performance before your friends and other visitors...
- Culinary – cooking workshops /preparation of kugloff cake, ayvar, gibanitsa – cheese pie, strudel, salcici, tasci cakes and noodles, sarma, cevapi, pljeskavica, Karageorge's schnitzel, Kaymak, slatko – fruit jellies, jams and marmalade, natural juices, goulash and fish paprikash, meat processing.... /. Our culinary tours take you way beyond the usual tourist experience to get to know the real Serbia and experience tasty surprises – tasting, smelling, seeing, touching and learning how to create delicious, authentic Serbian dishes yourself. Behind every great Serb cook is a neighborhood community – an eco-garden with fresh seasonal produce, a baker, a third-generation milkman, a market with fresh seasonal produce, a butcher who’s owned the same shop for decades. Your cooking vacation in Serbia with us means authenticity, fabulous food, and fun.
Learn to perform local recipes and make the traditional dishes of unbeatable Serbian cuisine such as ayvar, gibanitza cheese pie, kugloff cake, cabbage casserole, sarma, fish paprikash, noodles.... during your amazing cooking classes. Explore the remarkable produce from gardens of your hosts and fresh locally grown ingredients, and taste some of the best local drinks and wines while relaxing at country vineyards or the rustic farm house. Your Serbian culinary tour includes hands-on cookery courses, all ingredients and cooking instruction of skilled and experienced hosts and even clothes, as well as gastronomic visits. Once lunch is ready, we open a bottle of rakıa, the traditional liquor of the Balkans, and celebrate the food that we have prepared.
For a sweet finale, we’ll enjoy a pumpkin or apple dessert laced with walnuts and some revitalising coffee. To learn more about our wonderful selection of Serbian cooking school vacations, please select one/few of the dishes listed above, which will make you decide easier. If you are having trouble deciding from among our many culinary vacations in Serbia, please call us or email: we would love to make some recommendations. Please let us know if you or anyone in your party has a dietary restriction when you book your culinary tour, we will work to accommodate your special food needs whenever possible.
- Rakia making, Slivovitza – small distilleries of Fruska Gora - full day package which provides great fun and joy, taking the privileges of plenty of fruits and grape found everywhere in Serbia, along with friendly hosts keen to show visitors various secrets of preparing the rakia- operated in Autumn, but the recommended period is from August to December.
- Grape harvesting – small wineries of Fruska Gora - full day package- operated in the period of the second half of August and September till October 3-day Grape Harvest tour offers hands-on experience of grape picking, crashing, pressing and winemaking instruction in the blending of wine during the fall grape harvest season in Fruska Gora wine region, where participants stay at the private homesteads within the National Park or in Koruska hotel. Visitors help with the picking, crushing and fermentation, to winemaker dinners, vineyard barbecues and get close with their cordial hosts while dress special costumes as they crush the grapes. Wine tasting – small wineries in Fruska Gora vineyards – half day package, operated throughout the year.
- Srem Wedding Ceremony farms of Fruska Gora - rural households/farms of Fruska Gora – full day package, operated throughout the year- –accompanied with lots of well-preserved customs, colorful traditional costumes, plenty of original wedding specialties and fun.
- Serbian Slava Feast Celebration - farmsteads/rural households of Fruska Gora- full day package operated throughout the year, which best describes the Serbs and their innate feasts and deities….
Why is Serbia interesting destination with increasing demand over the years?
According to Lonely Planet magazine, Serbia is among the top seven most attractive destinations to visit. Serbia is home to a hidden world of flora and fauna; rare and protected, with traditional hospitality, rich historic and cultural heritage. The wonders of Mount Tara, Mokra Gora, Zlatibor, the Drina canyon and Uvac. They are right beside us; they represent our origins and provide access to the meaning of life.
What do we offer?
The way to discover the unique and incredible adventure, offering a unique experience for travellers across the world. Review of our travellers and visitors are our best promotion, we offer a picturesque journey of moderate off-road challenges, with a primary focus on the dramatic landscape and famous landmarks of western Serbia with 4X4 vehicles:
Day one –Participants will arrive in Belgrade. Journey starts travelling to the parts of western Serbia, across Valjevo mountains with traditional and ethno lunch breaks. Using the off-road trails on Tara, the ecologically preserved natural environment that belongs to the inner Dinaric Alps, to rich the first accommodation point.
Day two- Experiencing the beauty of Tara national park, ecologically preserved natural environment. Overlooking the cliffs of Drina canyon, the highest viewpoint over the Drina river. Tara is one of the most attractive regions in Serbia and, in many ways, a unique destination in Europe and the world. Accommodation provided in mountain house.
Day three-Taking the way through the forest roads of the highest parts of Tara surrounded with beautiful natural lakes. Finding the way through the Mokra Gora roads towards the ethno village-Drvengrad, comprised of traditional Serbian mountain houses.
Day four-Dynamic journey from Tara over the wild part of Zlatibor mountain. Visiting the wooden church and famous medieval Uvac monastery. Climbing to the highest pick of mountain and taking a short lunch break with the view of natural stone arch and on our way to the next base night in ethno village- Vranesa.
Day five-Visiting the Uvac lakes- natural reserve, the home of the biggest protected spices of Griffon vultures in Europe. Boat Ride to the Ice cave, one of the largest cave in Serbia. Riding through the deep pine forest of the Zlatar mountain, the area of many rivers and lakes with the gentle slopes shaping and preserving the wild nature. Arriving at Zlatnik hotel to spend a night.
Day six-Driving through the dark pine forest of Zlatar mountain to Mileseva monastery built by members of Serbia’s Nemanjic dynasty, who built the Mileseva monastery there in the 13th century. After a short visit, climb to visit the stuning Sopotnica waterfalls, capturing the beautiful sight and reaching to mountain town Sjenica for the night.
Day seven and eight – The last day brings real treat-huge Golija mountain and nature park. Wild untamed mountain, it is also called as “mountain of water”, home of 45 rare bird spices. There is also cultural monuments dated from 12th and 13th century. Riding back to Belgrade with sightseeing of the fortress, confluence of rivers Danube and Sava before the last night in Belgrade hotel.
Costa Rica as Ethno Destination
Costa Rica is located in America Central (between Panamá and Nicaragua), is a small country of around 52 000km2, where the 25% are protected areas, also, we have the 5% of the biodiversity of the entire world. Tourism industry in Costa Rica represent de 5,8% of the PIB, our original population (indigenous) represent around more the 1% of the Costa Rican people and divided on 8 communities located on different parts of the country.
Costa Rica destination is famous for biodiversity and offer activities not only on the beaches, but also, ecotourism, rural tourism, adventure tourism for all people who wants to be in contact with the nature, experience specific micro clime (dry forest-rain, forest-cloudy microclimate) and culture of the locals in Costa Rica.